February 10, 2014 Leave a comment
With Valentines Day nearly upon us, I thought I’d share this post from my colleague Jess. Moral of the story? Wear voluminous skirts ladies!
All things Derbyshire in the eighteenth century
May 13, 2013 4 Comments
I have been looking at amateur artist’s sketchbooks here at YCBA. I am looking to see if artist’s visited Derbyshire and if so, where they went and what they drew. Some of the sketchbooks are catalogued as containing Derbyshire views (like William Brockedon’s sketchbook), while others are simply documented as an ‘Album of 84 drawings’ or ‘4 volumes of landscapes’.
One thing that has become apparent from looking at the 19th century sketchbooks is the popularity of the Lake District. This is mirrored by what was going on at the Royal Academy in the late 18th century, where Lake District views significantly outnumbered those of Derbyshire e.g Philip de Loutherbourg exhibited 9 landscapes in 1784, of which 7 were of the Lakes and 2 of Derbyshire.
In a letter to his brother Richard, Joseph Wright describes the Lakes ‘as the most stupendous scenes, I ever behold… they are to the eye what Handel’s choruses are to the ear’. He also goes on to say that Derbyshire suffers greatly from the comparisons drawn between them – being born and bred in the Lake District, I couldn’t resist including that one. That said, Derbyshire was still a popular sketching destination which offered the unique lure of limestone scenery, fashionable spas, historic manors and rugged and wild vistas.
Castleton and Dovedale have dominated the Derbyshire scenes. Here is a selection of Dovedale, sketched over a 100 year period.
August 16, 2012 1 Comment
The poet William Wordsworth (1770-1850), and his sister Dorothy (1771-1855), mention seeing Dovedale several times in their extensive writings. Though visiting the valley was never the specific purpose of one of their journeys, it was a picturesque location that they evidently sought-out as they travelled, that occasioned the siblings a great deal of pleasure. William Wordsworth first wrote about visiting Dovedale in 1788, when he was travelling back to Hawkshead in Cumbria for the summer, upon completing his first year at Cambridge University. On the 8th June, he recorded,
Saw nothing particularly striking till I came to Ashburn. Arrived there on Sunday Evening – and rode over to Dovedale. Dovedale is a very narrow valley somewhat better than a mile in length, broken into five or six distinct parts, so that the views it affords are necessarily upon a small scale. The first scene that strikes you upon descending into the valley, is the River Dove fringed with sedge, and stopped with a variety of small tufts of Grass hurrying between two hills, one of which about six years ago was cloathed with wood; the wood is again getting forwards; the other had a number of cattle grazing upon it. The scene was pleasing – the sun was just sinking behind the hill on the left – which was dark – while his beams cast a faint golden tinge upon the side of the other. The River in that part which was streamy had a glittering splendor which was pleasingly chastised, by the blue tint of intervening pieces of calm water; the fringe of sedge and the number of small islands, with which it is variegated. The view is terminated by a number of rocks scattered upon the side of one of the hills of a form perfectly spiral –
This description was written in a notebook used by Wordsworth during his years at Cambridge, which also contains translations of Virgil’s ‘Georgics’ and work that would feed into his poem ‘The Vale of Esthwaite’. The passage has several interesting features. Firstly, it is clear that Dovedale was a place that Wordsworth was keen to see and admire, as he states that he ‘rode over’ from Ashburn [sic]. As this trip was Wordsworth’s first known visit to the area, the fact that he acknowledges that one of the hills ‘about six years ago was cloathed with wood’ would suggest that he was familiar with either writing about or images of the area, which would have been responsible for him feeling the urge to ride over and see the scenes for himself.
This early descriptive passage is also significant for its parallels with Wordsworth’s portrayal of Dovedale in his semi-autobiographical, epic poem The Prelude. In the 1805 text of The Prelude, Wordsworth recollects,
In summer among distant nooks I roved
(Dovedale, or Yorkshire dales, or through bye-tracts
Of my own native region) and was blest
Between those sundry wanderings with a joy
Above all joys, that seemed another morn
Risen on mid noon: the presence, friend, I mean
Of that sole sister, she who has been long
Thy treasure also, thy true friend and mine,
Now after separation desolate
Restored to me – (1805, Book VI, ll. 208 – 217)
The editing process that Wordsworth undertook can actually be seen in the manuscript editions of The Prelude that are owned by the Wordsworth Trust. In a copy of the 1805 text of the poem made by Dorothy Wordsworth, William makes extensive changes, and starts to include the lines that will find their way into his later depiction of Dovedale.
From information given in letters written by Dorothy Wordsworth, it is known that the Wordsworths were once again in Derbyshire, and paying a visit to Dovedale, in the summer of 1810. Writing to her friend Catherine Clarkson, wife of the abolitionist Thomas Clarkson, Dorothy says that she has had ‘a pleasant journey through Dovedale’, and, later, writes to another friend to tell her that she ‘had a delightful walk that evening to Dovedale’. This visit presented itself as a ‘delightful’ interlude during a very extensive trip; Dorothy would go on to travel through Cambridge and, eventually, on to Essex, to visit her brother Christopher and his family.
By the time Dorothy Wordsworth was writing to her friends about Dovedale, William and his family had been living in the Vale of Grasmere for over a decade, a place he described as ‘The loveliest spot that man hath ever found…’. The Wordsworths’ affection for their own valley, surrounded by fells with the River Rothay flowing through, shows their preference for the type of landscape that they sought at Dovedale, which gave them such feelings of pleasure and delight.
A big thank you to Helena Sinclair for researching and writing this post and for the Wordsworth Trust for allowing us to use the images of their manuscripts.
If you are interested in another literary take on Dovedale then read Dovedale: A Neutral but Interesting Conversational Gambit on the AustenOnly blog.
February 9, 2012 Leave a comment
Create your own adventures and make a pop-up theatre by following our step-by-step guide.
The film was created for the Enlightenment! project by artists Gordon Maclellan and Sarah Males and was funded by the Digital Ambassadors Network (MLA).
November 8, 2011 Leave a comment
May 27, 2011 Leave a comment
Pupils from Queen Elizabeth’s Grammar School in Ashbourne have been exploring Dovedale through 18th and 19th century pictures, maps and travel writing.
90 pupils from the school visited Dovedale in March 2011. They sketched, photographed and wrote about the Valley, comparing the differnces in visiting it today with the past.
60 pupils from Year 7 and Year 9 created visitor guides while pupils from Year 8 made mixed media art inspired by their fieldtrip. They learnt new techniques and incorporated weaving, batik and marbling into their finished pieces.
The project culminated in an exhibition at the National Trust Visitors Centre at Ilam, which ran from 13 – 25 May. The project has been a partnership between Buxton Museum, the Peak District National Park and teachers from Queen Elizabeth’s Grammar School. It was funded by Renaissance East Midlands.
“Reynard’s Arch is a true wonder, a rough, ragged arch in the middle of a huge chunk of mossy stone like a giant’s mouth wide open. Inside the arch is smooth but the rest is ragged with lots of ledges and cracks….. The arch gives such mysterious feeling to anyone who may wander past it and I feel dwarfed and small. It feels very spooky and abandoned.” (Y7)
“A vast grassy bank carpets most of the narrow path leading up to Reynard’s Arch, a massive natural arch dominating the shady landscape. Woodland debris and loose, crumbling limestone cover the majority of the rugged path – making the long journey up to the face of the arch treacherous and intimidating.” (Annabel Hibbert, Y9)
“It feels like I am in a green medieval forest amongst the tangled bushes and crushed trees below the high pointy cliffs. I feel cold and enclosed as the path narrows to a thin, winding gravel line. The cliffs push in on the path and the trees hang over you as though they are trying to grab you. Ilam Rock is a massive skyscraper next to Pickering Tor. They climb up and up. They make you feel cold and scared.” (Y7)
June 10, 2010 Leave a comment
Ann Atkinson, Derbyshire Poet Laureate led a poetry walk around Dovedale and shared some of her favourite landscaped inspired poems. Ros Westwood, Derbyshire Museum Manager led a walk later in the week to talk about the art works displayed.
Many of the greatest thinkers of the eighteenth century were drawn to the beauty of Derbyshire. Dovedale proved to be a source of inspiration for scientists and writers who shared a growing fascination for the natural world. Pictures in the Landscape proved a great success and it is hoped that the exhibition will be displayed again later in the year.